Peventeo welcomed its users for two days of discussion in late June. Businesses and CRC researchers all contributed to the debate, including: Christophe Martin who spoke about sub-contracting, Sébastien Travadel's presentation on emergency engineering and Justin Larouzée who talked about human error.
Almost 200 people came to hear Mireille Jarry of BNP Parisbas and Philippe Zawieja talk about the latest developments surrounding the question of burnout and discuss the issue.
During this first 'open' week on the theme of emergency engineering, CRC researchers, together with C. Gilbert of CNRS, D. Pécaud of the University of Nantes, Jean Francois Vautier of the CEA, Didier Bazalgette of the DGA and Didier Delaitre of the BEA examined the current state-of-the-art regarding the progress that has already been made and future avenues for research. Two case studies were discussed: Fukushima Dai Ichi and Deep Water Horizon.
DRIVER (DRiving InnoVation in crisis management for European Resilience) is a pilot project financed by the European Union. There are 40 partners, a budget of 45 million Euros (37 million of which is provided by the European Union), and it will run for four and a half years.
DRIVER has three overall objectives:
1. The development of a pan-european test platform for for technological and methodological solutions designed to support the resilience of regions when faced with major crises.
2. The preparation of a portfolio of proven methodological solutions that make it possible to assess, improve, and provide tools that increase the ability of regions to prevent, prepare for, manage and recover from major crises.
3. The development of a shared vision of crisis management at the European level, through the integration of all public and private sector actors, and civil society involved in technological and societal innovation in the domain of crisis management./p>
The CRC and its Industrial Safety Chair carried out a training programme with colleagues from Entrepose Contracting on the theme of safety culture. Training took place over two days and involved 12-14 participants. The programme was based on the company's own case studies and a theoretical and methodological framework developed in conjunction with the company's HSE services.
In November 2014 CRC launched the DéAIS project, financed by the Agence Nationale de la Recherche and coordinated by the Ecole Navale. The aim of the project is to develop a methodology for the analysis of Automatic Identification System (AIS) messages received from ships, in order to detect errors, or fake messages sent by pirates who may have hacked into the system. With its partners (Ecole Navale, CEREMA, The University of La Rochelle), the role of the CRC will be to analyse and predict the risks created by these new threats.
Philippe Zawieja continues his media marathon following the publication of his book "Que sais je [What I know]" about "Burnout" by PUF. The term "burnout" has become part of everyday language. But is this exhaustion, or loss of control, a symptom of suffering in the modern working environement? How is it that modern management can 'drive us round the bend'? The programme was developed in collaboration with Psychologies magazine.
To listen to the programme:
Philippe Zawieja's book "Que sais je [What I know]" about Burnout has hit bookstores.
This book provides a state-of-the-art review of what we know about burnout. It offers a definition, together with an examination of its psychological and economic effects. It invites us to think about and take responsibility for preventing the phenomenon in the workplace.
To find out more:
Jean-Luc Wybo and Wim Van Wassenhove spent a week at the University of Tongji in the context of the ongoing collaboration with the MRI Advanced Master's Programme. Their agenda included classes with Chinese students, the selection of future students, a conference on safety in the rail sector, and a visit to BAYER in an industrial park north of Shanghai. To round things off, Jean-Luc Wybo tenure as Guest Professor of the University of Tongji was extended.
It was with great pleasure that the CRC welcomed Professor Nancy Levenson of MIT for a two-day stay. During her visit, Professor Levenson participated in a seminar organised by the Industrial Safety Chair - the first of its kind to be held in France. Participants included Areva, Edf, AFNOR, SNCF, Gdf Suez, Total, and Renault together with the CEA and Ineris.
The CEA, in particular its Direction de la protection et de la sûreté nucléaire (DPSN) and MINES ParisTech in the form of the Centre de recherche sur les Risques et les Crises (CRC), signed a research partnership agreement in the domain of "Human and Organisational Factors for Safety and Security". This five-year agreement will focus on monitoring of the state of the art, Master's degrees and doctoral programmes, seminars, etc.
The fifth Advanced Masters in Industrial Risk Management Conference was held on 26 March 2015 at MINES ParisTech at Paris. The overall theme, the safety imperative, and the student presentations were well received by participants who raised some interesting questions and contributed to a stimulating debate. The conference ended with a celebration of the tenth anniversary of the Master's programme. See you next year!
During a workshop that was held at Berkeley, financed by the Berkeley / France fund, the teams led by Professors Ahn (UC Berkeley), Furuta (School of Engineering Tokyo) and Guarnieri (MINES ParisTech), together with colleagues from Stanford exchanged views about the concepts of resilience, entry into resilience, extreme situations and decision making. A book, summarising the discussions will be published by Springer by the end of 2015.
The President of the PACA Regional Council informed the Regional Environmental, Social and Economic Council about new developments in their property tax policy that responds to a need to preserve the balance between the economic and demographic attractiveness of the region and the preservation of the natural environment. Given the results of the Cassandre project, financed by the PACA region, the CRC and the UMR ESPACE attended a hearing on 17 March 2015 to highlight the risks to biodiversity and ecosystem services due to the future impacts of climate change and urban development.
New out from Presses des Mines: L'accident de Fukushima Dai Ichi. Le récit du directeur de la centrale [The Fukushima Dai Ichi accident: The plant director's testimony].
Volume I: Annihilation. Edited by Franck Guarnieri.
See the first 37 pages:
The French newspapers Le Monde has paid tribute to the work of Philippe Zawieja and Franck Guarnieri in compiling the Dictionary of Psychosocial Risks (Dictionnaire des Risques Psychosociaux). The newspaper underlined the pertinence of the topic and the relevance of their efforts, which brought together more than 251 contributors who prepared the 314 entries. At last, psychosocial risks have a "bible"!
To read the article published in Le Monde click here.
Philippe Zawieja and Franck Guarnieri were awarded the Prix René Joseph Laufer by the Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques for their book Dictionnaire des Risques Psychosociaux (published by Seuil). The prize was handed to Philippe Zawieja by Mr Bernard Bourgeois, a philosopher and President of the Academy.
For a tenth year, the Advanced Master's Degree in Industrial Risk Management welcomed a new intake. Twenty-three students with many different backgrounds began six months of work in the classroom. This year, for the first time, the MRI welcomed ten students from industry. During their six months of study they will spend a total of six weeks at their sponsoring company. They will take up their jobs when their training has ended, for a period of six months (from the beginning of April to the end of September).
On 13 October 2014, the Dictionnaire des Risques Psychosociaux coordinated by Philippe Zawieja and Franck Guarnieri (published by Seuil) was awarded the René-Joseph Laufer by the Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques.
CRC welcomed Dr Cyril Ray, a Reader at Arts et Métiers ParisTech on secondment to the French Naval Research Institute at Brest (IRENav) for a one-week visit. Dr Ray is coordinator of the DéAIS project, financed by the French National Research Agency (l'Agence Nationale de la Recherche, ANR). CRC is one of the Institute's partners in this project, which aims to develop methods for the analysis and detection of Automatic Identification System messages (real-time surveillance of maritime traffic) and the associated risks. During his visit, Dr Ray participated in discussions with CRC researchers about safety and security in the maritime domain. These discussions led to a new proposal in response to the 2015 ANR call for projects, together with a joint project concerning a review of publications about maritime surveillance.
From 14-18 September 2014, the European Conference on Safety and Reliability (ESREL) was held in Warsaw, Poland under the auspices of the European Association for Safety and Reliability(ESRA). The XXIV Conference enabled CRC's PhD students to present their work on the following themes: the safety requirement - temporary organisations and safety - sub-contracting and safety - change management and safety.
Philippe Zawieja contributed to the Grand Dossier n°36 of the journal Sciences Humaines on the theme of "Changer le travail, 20 pistes pour améliorer la qualité de vie au travail" (Change Work!, 20 ways to improve the quality of working life). His contribution forms part of a broader project: a long-term exploration of these issues in more detail.
Find out more:
In the context of seminars organised jointly by the Centres for Transport Studies (CTS) of Imperial College London and University College London, Aldo Napoli and Gabriel Vatin presented their work into the safety and security of the maritimisation of energy. Their presentation was followed by a discussion on the topic between the CRC researchers and their colleagues at Imperial College, who are interested in a joint collaboration between the two centres.
In the context of a project financed by the France Berkeley Fund, Christophe Martin (holder of the Resilience and Safety Chair) and Franck Guarnieri visited the Nuclear Engineering Department and the Haas Management School. This visit was an opportunity to study the epistemological and methodological scope of the theory of High Reliability Organizations with researchers who originated the work. They were also about to discuss in detail the programme for a joint workshop between the CRC and the Nuclear Engineering Department on the theme of resilience. This workshop will be held in March 2015 at Berkeley University.
PhD students, Professor Zio (ECP Supelec) and Franck Guarnieri (MINES ParisTech) participated in a joint training seminar held at Sophia Antipolis on the contribution of systemic modelling to risk prevention. The software platform Anylogic was used during this seminar.
Aldo Napoli and Gabrial Vatin visited the Stevens Institute of Technology (Hoboken, NJ) to represent CRC at the CESUN 2014 conference. They described the work of CRC into the safety and security of the maritimisation of energy explained in the article published by Gabriel Vatin, and the presentation by Aldo Napoli at the National Centre for Secure & Resilient Maritime Commerce Summer School.
The CRC and the Nuclear Engineering Department of Berkeley University were the recipients of an award by the France Berkeley Fund for the organisation of a workshop on the theme of "Radiological Resilience in Nuclear Power Utilization: A New Paradigm of Safety".
On Wednesday, 30 April 2014 the first national final of the International Competition for Scientific Communication (FameLab) was held in France. Around 300 people visited the Amphi Buffon at the Paris Diderot University to witness the event. Ten young researchers, the winners of regional competitions, had three minutes to make a presentation on a scientific topic of their choice. Presentations were judged on three criteria: content, clarity and style.
Justin Larouzée, a PhD student in his second year under the supervision of Franck Guarnieri, won the Public Vote prize for his presentation on the topic of the issues associated with human factors in industrial safety with a little help of a little magic...
For two days, Centrale Supelec and MINES ParisTech shared their expertise and experience on the topic of the concept of resilience engineering. Professor Enrico Zio,holder of the "Systems Science and the Energy Challenge" Chair at Centrale Supelec visited CRC. The discussion of modelling concepts and procedures was particularly fruitful and avenues for future collaboration were explored, together with a road map similar to that prepared for the concept of a "system of models".
FameLab is an international scientific communication competition in which each candidate, a young researcher or a student, gives a three-minute presentation on a subject of their choice, which is judged by a panel of experts according to three criteria: content, clarity and style. Having won the regional final at Annecy, Justin Larouzee, a doctoral student at CRC will represent the lab at the national final to be held on 30 April 2014 in Paris. He will work his magic and explain the concept of human error and human factors in industrial safety in three minutes.
In the context of the ongoing collaboration with the University of Tongji at Shanghai for the Specialised Masters MRI programme, Jean-Luc Wybo and Wim Van Wassenhove travelled to China for a week-long stay. In addition to presenting courses on risk management to Chinese students and participating in the selection of candidates for the next intake, they visited European companies operating in China and attended a conference organised for former MRI students and industrialists.
Beginning in 2011, MRI (Mastère Spécialisé Maitrise des Risques Industriels) students have organised a scientific conference. The fourth MRI conference was held on 27 March 2014 at the Ecole des Mines de Paris on the theme of "Prevention Economics". Each MRI student focused on a different aspect of the issue. The OPPBTP presented their study titled "An economic approach to prevention" carried out in 2013, and Professor Genserik RENIERS of the University of Anvers addressed the economic issues of risk management.
The students' articles and posters are available online: http://www.master-mri.org/conference.html
Franck Guarnieri participated in the France Culture programme Cultures monde with Florian Delorme.
He presented the work carried out in collaboration with Aurélien Portelli and Christophe Martin on the myths and representations of the civilian nuclear sector. His contribution focused particularly on the links between the cinema and civilian nuclear power.
To listen to the broadcast:
Organised by the AIEA at Vienna (Austria), this meeting brought together more than 200 international experts. Franck Guarnieri and Sébastien Travadel presented the concept of emergency engineering. This was the first time the work of the CRC in the area had been presented to an international audience.
On 7 February 2014 Mr. Cyrille Foasso received the 2013 Paul Biro Prize.
This prize was awarded in recognition of his work on nuclear safety, and in particular his book Atomes sous surveillance : Une histoire de la sûreté nucléaire en France, published by Peter Lang. Cyrille Foasso is an INSA engineer at Lyon and holds a PhD in Contemporary History from the University Lumière Lyon II. He is responsible for the collection of scientific and mechanical instruments at the Musée des arts et métiers (Conservatoire national des arts et métiers) at Paris.
Climate bio-indicators: Principles and Characterization
Due to the potential risks brought about by climate change, it is essential to understand the relationships between living beings and the climate in order to assess the impact that these changes may have on ecosystems and society. This book explains how to define climate bio-indicators, and how to assess the impact of climate change on plant ecosystems in order to identify the emergence of potential risk situations between now and the end of the XXI century.
Beginning in 2003, the CRC has provided specialised training in General Engineering Skills (GES) to students who are admitted on the basis of their qualifications. GES training has two objectives: it exposes students to the management of complex problems from an engineer's point of view, while at the same time taking into account the many different nationalities and cultures of the GES students themselves. This year, Primagaz, which is a partner of the GES programme, offered students the opportunity to undertake a case study concerning the management of rainwater and fire hazard at an LPG depot. The study took place over three weeks, during which time the students visited industrial facilities, including TOTAL's Plateforme de la Mède refinery, met with industry professionals, and put forward a methodology and a structure for the project. Their ideas took into account the needs of the industry, current regulations and the rationale of actors in order to assess the scope and costs of potential solutions.
The European I2C (Integrated System for Interoperable sensors & Information sources for Common abnormal vessel behaviour detection & Collaborative identification of threat) project aims to develop a new system for the monitoring of maritime traffic in Europe and the analysis of maritime risk. This R&D project runs over four years and is funded by the European Union. It has been approved by the French competition centre Mer Mediterranean and is coordinated by DCNS, which brings together an industrial consortium, small- and medium-sized businesses and research centres, including CRC. Michel Morel (DCNS) who is coordinating the project presented the I2C prototype at the 18th MILIPOL conference. MILIPOL is an international conference for internal national security held in Paris in November 2013. The French Minister of the Interior, Manuel Valls, particularly welcomed this demonstration of the potential of the system.
To find out more: http://www.i2c.eu/
On 1 October 2013, the new intake for the Specialised Masters in Industrial Risk Management (IRM) at MINES ParisTech began their studies at the Centre for Research on Risks and Crises (CRC) at Sophia Antipolis.
Thirteen students with various backgrounds began their six month curriculum of theoretical classes. They will also carry out a series of visits to the industry, together with a six month work placement. Their training culminates in a conference, to be held on 27 March 2014 in Paris on the theme of "The Economics of Prevention". The six-month, full-time work placement follows the training period and runs from the beginning of April to the end of September; it is jointly supervised by a full-time teacher and a business mentor. Placements are paid.
To find out more: http://www.master-mri.org/
Running from 18-20 December 2013, the CRC organised the second DEANS forum workshop on the theme of resilience engineering. This workshop brought together the following institutions: Berkeley University, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Royal Institute of Technology, Imperial College, Tokyo University and the French Grandes Écoles group (MINES ParisTech, Ponts ParisTech, MINES de Nantes, Ecole Centrale). The presentations and discussions focussed on "what does engineering system resilience mean". An action plan was drawn up, which aims to implement collaborative research and training projects. The third workshop will be held at the end of 2014 at Berkeley.
Philippe Zawieja, coauthor with Franck Guarnieri, of the book "Professional Burnout" (Armand Colin), was interviewed by the website www.cityzenkate.com. The article looks in detail at the role and mission of professional prevention specialists with respect to this issue.
Link to the interview.
Access the book on the Armand Colin website.
Preventeo and MINES ParisTech together organised a seminar for business on the theme of the relationship between regulatory compliance and HSE certification. A particularly lively debate focussed on the results of the quantitative national survey carried out by AFNOR, Preventeo and CRC. The question of the relationship between regulatory bodies and those regulated was extensively discussed. Finally, there was a detailed presentation of the Preventeo platform and the support it can offer business.
From 6 -12th July 2013 Franck Guarnieri and Christophe Martin visited Berkeley, Carnegie Mellon and Stanford universities. The visit provided the opportunity to discuss collaboration between the CRC and the Nuclear Engineering Department at Berkeley with a view to preparing the "Resilience Engineering" workshop in November 2013 (to be held in Paris). The meeting with Professor Paul David at Stanford was a particularly useful opportunity to exchange views on ideas about systems, adaptation and irreversibility. Finally, the visit to the Mountain View campus at Carnegie Mellon university led to, with the support of the MINES TELECOM Institute, learning more about the Disasters Management Initiative (DMI).
PREVENTEO held its now traditional user's club. During the meeting, two scientific conferences were given by CRC researchers. Christophe Martin looked closely at the question of cultural diversity and Franck Guarnieri discussed the question of safety as an imperative. Guénolé Lefranc, a CRC doctoral student, presented the results of his work on the coupling between safety climate, compliance management and risk management in order to better understand the level of safety culture in a business.
In the context of the MOVE research programme, Gabriel Vatin (a second-year CRC doctoral student) spent two months working at the Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation, at the University of Twente in the Netherlands.
As part of the Geo-information Processing team, led by Professor Menno-Jan Kraak, Gabrile Vatin developed a model of geovisualisation solutions in the domain of maritime surveillance. The expertise of the lab's researchers has been formalised into a knowledge base, in order to study cartographic analysis methods suited to the study of anomalous behaviour at sea.
This work was supervised by Professors Menno-Jan Kraak and Corné van Elzakker.
PREVENTEO and the CRC organised a seminar on the theme of global risk management. More than 100 participants met to exchange ideas about the PREVENTEO software platform. The presentation given at the seminar can be found on PREVENTEO's website http://www.preventeo.com.
This seminar for PhD students ran from 9-11 April. Focused on practical applications, this seminar was aimed at helping students to publish their first article. Participants analysed scientific articles in order to identify their structure, content and preparation. They then looked at the key issue addressed by their own article, and the structure and presentation of their arguments. This seminar helped them to formalise a hypothesis and plan their work, leading to the final preparation of an article ready for publication.
For the third consecutive year, Industrial Risk Management (IRM) students and their supervisors organised the IRM conference on the theme of "knowledge and information processing in risk management". More than 100 people participated in this event which led to high-quality, wide-ranging discussions.
Created in response to a request from industry, this specialised Master's degree is the only one of its kind in Europe. It offers participants a qualification that is recognised by the French Conférence des Grandes Ecoles and is designed to meet the needs of experienced professionals. On 25 March 2013 the most recent graduates received their degrees.
The Presses des Mines of MINES ParisTech and the CRC , were very happy to see the re-publication of the book "Human Error" by James T. Reason. This classic text has been out of print in French for many years. The preface was written by CRC researchers Franck Guarnieri and Denis Besnard.
The world's leading universities endorse the work of Professor Erik Hollnagel, holder of the Resilience Engineering Chair at MINES ParisTech. Franck Guarnieri and Christophe Martin presented their work on the organisation of the decommissioning of nuclear power plants. In November 2013, a workshop on Resilience Engineering will be organised by MINES ParisTech.
The Institute for Risk Management (IRM) recognised the work of CRC on the management of the risk of maritime piracy. Created in 1978, the IRM is the largest and oldest business association in the domain of risk prevention. Aldo Napoli, Amal Bouejla, Xavier Chaze and Franck Guarnieri demonstrated the contribution of a Bayesian network to the management of alerts and security at offshore oil and gas installations.